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Millipedes are amazing creatures and the earth’s oldest known land animals. Though millipede means “1000 legs” most millipedes have fewer than 400. Millipedes typically move slowly and make their living eating decaying plant matter. Some millipedes release cyanide gas as a defense mechanism. The gas is toxic to insects though relatively harmless to larger animals. Some species of monkey have been seen rubbing millipedes on their bodies as a form of mosquito repellent. The largest land invertebrate of all time was a 2.6 meter (8.6 foot) long relative of the millipede which roamed forests 300 million years ago.
Click on the link below to learn about centipedes which are a close relation to millipedes: